Scotsman Adam Stephen was trained as a physician in Edinburg, but served with the Virginia militia as a soldier. During the French and Indian War he was a colonel and second in command to George Washington. Stephen was at Fort Necessity when Washington surrendered. In 1761 Stephens ran and lost against Washington for the Virginia House of Burgesses.
During the Revolutionary War Stephen was promoted to general for his part in the Battle of Trenton. Major General Adam Stephen took part in the August 21st War Council at the Moland House. In one of his most notable achievements, he forced the retreat of British General Dunmore from Norfolk, Virginia. Stephen was eventually court martialed for unofficer-like behavior. Perhaps his greatest contribution to America’s future was his stirring speech at the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1788 which influenced the Virginia delegates to ratify the United States Constitution, which in turn led other states to ratify the Constitution at their state conventions.
The General Adam Stephen House and Triple Brick Museum is the stone home of the founder of Martinsburg, Revolutionary War General Adam Stephen. It is furnished in 1750-1820 period, and the town museum includes artifacts and local history items such as quilts, military uniforms, and railroading. 309-313 East John St. Martinsburg, WV 25401